Migratory Bird Treaty Act

As illustrated by our previous coverage here, here, and here, the scope of the federal government’s enforcement power under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) has been an ever-evolving source of litigation and confusion for industries across the country.
Continue Reading Fish and Wildlife Service Seeks Input on Developing Migratory Bird Permit Program

Last month, we wrote about “midnight” regulations issued by the Trump Administration and a process available for Congress to respond. Since then, the Trump Administration took an important step towards issuing one such regulation, regarding activities that “incidentally” harm protected migratory birds. If finalized, this rule would be the culmination of a years-long effort to loosen the Migratory Bird Treaty Act’s (MBTA) restrictions, which could aid energy and infrastructure developers and operators.

Continue Reading Lame-Duck Rules Could Loosen Migratory Bird Restrictions

On September 4, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit overturned Citgo Petroleum Corporation’s two convictions under the Clean Air Act (CAA) and three convictions under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA).  The court held that the district court had erred in allowing improper jury instructions and had misinterpreted the MBTA’s “take” provision.  
Continue Reading Fifth Circuit Lets Citgo Fly Free